Why have CRS, projections and transformations changed?

Why have CRS, projections and transformations changed?

  • Posted by MGUG Admin
  • On December 10, 2021

While most national mapping agencies defined their own standard geographical and projected CRS, supranational bodies, such as military alliances and colonial administrations often imposed some regularity to facilitate operations across national boundaries. This also led to the creation of the European Petroleum Survey Group (EPSG), because maritime jurisdiction was not orderly, and mattered when countries sharing the same coastal shelf tried to assign conflicting exploration concessions.

Defining the CRS became necessary when integrating other data with a different CRS, and for displaying on a web map background. Many legacy file formats, such as the ESRI Shapefile format, did not mandate the inclusion of the CRS of positional data. Most open source software then used PROJ.4 strings as a flexible representation, but as internationally accepted standards have been reached, in particular ISO 19111, and improved over time by iteration, it is really necessary to change to a modern text representation, known as WKT2 (2019). Now it looks as though almost all corporations and mapping agencies accommodate this representation…

Full article at:

https://rgdal.r-forge.r-project.org/articles/CRS_projections_transformations.html